Countries for travel
Traveling to the land packed with captivating treasures-Egypt, or the Arab Republic of Egypt one of popular tourist destinations, is located north-eastern part of Africa and southwestern Asia. From this area one of the world’s oldest civilizations grew. Cairo, the capital and largest city, is the most modern in the Middle East and Africa. Egypt is one of the most popular tourist traveling destinations in the entire world, as Egypt stands out as the birthplace of one of the earliest civilizations(history of Egypt covers some five thousand years), since it contains nearly third of the worlds destinations weather it was rare and fascinating religious sites (hieroglyphs, mummies and most spectacular of all, its large pyramids) or medieval heritage as well( it has many mosques, churches and monasteries thanks to Coptic Christianity and Islam).
Egypt is mainly made up of hot deserts Egypt receives little rainfall. Without the Nile River( the longest river in the world), the area would be entirely desert. About 95 % of Egypt’s population still live in the Nile valley (the area next to the Nile river). One of the reasons that Egyptians were able to develop an advanced civilization is because they were surrounded by deserts. This kept invaders out.
The Pyramids represent one of the greatest architectural feats by man. The last surviving member of the Seven Wonders of the World ( worth to be traveling to ). There are three main Pyramids there, the Great Pyramid is one of the world’s oldest tourist attractions, popular tourist destinations and the reason most people visit Egypt today.
Pyramids are buildings from a fairly advanced stage of Egyptian society development, not from the first stage. Monumental architecture never arise „at the beginning of a culture“. Construction of such works requires centuries of experience, exploitation the traditions and their overcoming, creating the economic, technical, organizational and ideological preconditions.
At first scientific researchers for Egypt verify the claim of ancient authors that the pyramids are royal tombs. After that they began to investigate, how were the kings buried before. They didn’t believe for a moment that these tombs in the form of huge stone pyramids „suddenly emerged like volcanic islands out of the sea“ and „crystallized from the desert sand“ with their geometric shapes.
We have discussed above ground burial practices here in the ancient past (see “A History of Ancient Prehistoric Architecture“). All over the world Dolmens, Barrows and Tumulii were used to bury the dead above ground level, beginning at least 11,000 years BCE. I have not discussed Egypt because it represents such a famous instance of pyramid building and death ceremonies. That is not to say that pyramids are a uniquely Egyptian invention. Ziggurats were built by the Sumerians, Babylonians, Elamites, Akkadians, and Assyrians for local religions. Each ziggurat was part of a temple complex which included other buildings. The precursors of the ziggurat were raised platforms (basically Mastabas) that date from the Ubaid period during the fourth millennium BC. Mesoamerica, India, Greece and even the Romans built pyramids. However, the most famous pyramids are the Egyptian pyramids, huge structures built of brick or stone, some of which are among the world's largest constructions. They are shaped as a reference to the rays of the sun. Most pyramids had a polished, highly reflective white limestone surface, in order to give them a shining appearance when viewed from a distance. They appear about 2700 BCE then disappear suddenly in Egypt about 1700 BCE. After 4000 BC, thanks to the sudden desiccation of the grass plains of the Sahara and an influx of people towards the Nile, there was a substantial increase in population, and village sizes increased accordingly. From around 3500 to 3000 BC there were great and very sudden advances in craftsmanship and technology, which culminated in the working of copper, stone mace heads and ceramics. The first walled towns appeared at Naqada and Heirakonpolis (circa 3300 BC), and were associated with rich tombs, probably the resting places of the rulers of Upper Egypt (to the south). One of these rulers was the first to unite the whole valley, from the first cataract near the Nubian Desert to the Mediterranean, as a single kingdom in about 3400 or 3100 BC.
The size of the pyramids shows the great power which the king had, and at the san>e time illustrates the mechanical contrivances which were in use at the period. Still the expense of constructing the early pyramids was so great that it nearly exhausted the resources of the kingdom, and the successors to the first monarch were obliged to build on a smaller scale, and finally to cease pyramid building altogether.
Julius Solinus tells the world that "the pyramids are sharp-pointed towers in Egypt, exceeding all height which may he made by man." Ammianus Marcellinus echoes the same idea, saying, "the pyramids are towers erected altogether exceeding the height which may be made by man. In the bottom they are broadest, ending in sharp points at the top, which figure is, therefore, by geometricians called pyramidal." Propertius talked of their leading up to the stars.
"While astonishing the ancients by its vast dimensions, the pyramid failed to excite much interest further in the minds of Greek and Eoman writers. Some moderns are hardly astonished at it any way. Major Furlong merely calculates that it would now cost a million of pounds to build. M. Grobert, artillery officer under Bonaparte in Egypt, could not understand the fuss a few tavans made about it. In his official report, he says, "Travellers have not entertained their readers about these pyramids. Their construction is rude and not very remarkable." Denon, who brought out, under Napoleon Bonaparte's patronage, the most magnificent work ever published on Egypt, was just sufficiently interested in the subject to acknowledge in his book, "We had only two hours to be at the pyramids."
Yet there are others who look upon the edifice as an echo of the Past. Every stone in the fabric has a weird look. The very outline seems to melt into the blue sky against which it reposes. On it, around it, and within it, the spiritual eye sees forms not now of earth. The ear is supernaturally quickened, and the heart pulses in sympathy with the men that were, and are. It is not the object of undefined dread, but of nameless soul attraction. To such enthusiasts the pyramid is alive, and they wait anxiously for expected revelations from it.