Countries for travel
Sumava National Park is one of the four national parks in the Czech Republic. It is located in the South Bohemian Region near Pilsen along the border with Germany and Austria. Sumava National Park was created in 1991 to protect the unique collection of bogs, primeval forests, meadows, rivers and glacial lakes. The whole area of national park is highly visited by tourists. The most important places are e.g. dam lake Lipno, chateau Kratochvíle, lakes Cerné jezero and Certovo jezero or numerous peat-bogs.
Ceský Krumlov is a small town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is best known for its architecture, the historic old town and the castle. Old ?eský Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town was founded in the late 13th century at a ford in the Vltava River. Most of the architecture of the old town and castle dates from the 14th to 17th century, prevailing styles are Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. Krumlov has a museum dedicated to the painter Egon Schiele, who lived there, and has also its own brewery.
Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic, located in the southeast of the country. The city was founded in 1243. It is the capital of the South Moravian Region and the seat of many courts. During the mid-14th century Brno became the center of Moravian region. In the 18th century began development of industry and trade. The town became one of the industrial centers of Moravia. Nowadays Brno hosts international traid fairs, exhibitions and shows. The main sights are Špilberk Castle, Villa Tugendhat, St. Peter and Paul Cathedral, Jewish Cemetery and Old City Hall.
Lednice is a village in South Moravia in the Czech Republic. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996. It consists of a palace and the largest park in the Czech Republic. Lednice was owned by the House of Liechtenstein from the 13th century. The palace was built as a Renaissance villa at first. In the 17th century it became a summer residence of Princes of Liechtenstein and was designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli and Anton Johan Ospel.Last extensive refurbishment came in the 19th century with the Neo-Gothic style. The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style, containing Romantic follies, the artificial ruins of a medieval castle and a sixty-meter minaret.
ZOO Lesná is located in southeastern region near Zlín. the ZOO is opened 365 days per year and it belongs to the most popular zoological gardens in the country. The ZOO is divided into sections according to individual continents. Visitors may travel through Africa, Asia, Australia and South America and get acquainted with 210 species of animals. The most attractive are gorillas, African elephants, giraffes, rhinos, wallabies, lion, tigers, anteaters, South American sea lions, penguins, cranes and parrots. What else can you see in ZOO Lesná: New Yucatan tropical hall, the pavilion of African wildlife, Elephant pavilion, Exhibits of Amazonia, Lions exhibit, a trail for emu runners, walk through lemurs catta exhibit, Chateau Lešná and an English style park.
There are many possibilities how to get to the Czech Republic. The most convenient is definitely getting to the capital, Prague, by plane. Prague is well connected with the rest of the Czech regions by railways and motorways. Moreover, you can also fly to some bigger towns (e.g. to Brno). Prague Airport is one of the most modern airport in Central Europe. Connections to PRG airport are operated by many traditional and low cost airlines. Flights to European capitals are offered by the biggest European airlines such as Lufthansa, Air France, KLM, British Airways etc.
The original Gothic castle, upon which the town of Český Krumlov was based, was founded by the Lords of Krumlov (one of the branches of the Vítkovci family. around 1253. The Vítkovci family was a branch of the powerful Witigonen family, which has the five-petalled rose in its coat-of-arms. In 1302, the last Witigonen died, and the Witigonens' relatives, the Rosenbergs (Rožmberk), inherited the castle. The Rosenbergs maintained their seat there until 1602. During this time, the town experienced its greatest prosperity, with rapid economic development, construction of new buildings, and the expansion of trade with other cities in the region.
In 1602, the Emperor Rudolf II von Habsbursg bought the Krumlov dominion. In 1622, it was transferred to the Eggenberg family. In the 1680's, under the rule of Johann Christian I. von Eggenberg, farming, construction, and the arts flourished, helping Český Krumlov rise out of a period of stagnation that resulted from the Thirty Years' War.
At the end of 17th century, the Castle Baroque Theatre was built; and the Castle Gardens were renovated. In 1719, a new dynasty, the Schwarzenbergs, inherited Český Krumlov. In the second generation of their rule, Joseph Adam zu Schwarzenberg began extensive reconstruction of the castle. During this time, the castle was developed with a Baroque character.
Towards the end of the 18th century, and in the 19th century, the economy and the arts stagnated. By the middle of the 19th century, the Český Krumlov Castle was no longer the main residence of the Krumlov-Hluboká Schwarzenberg family. In the 20th century, the World Wars caused further stagnation though Krumlov was spared damage from battles or from bombings. At the end of the war, the German population was expelled.
In 1989, the Velvet Revolution brought renewal to Český Krumlov, eventually leading to its inscription into the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1992.