Countries for travel
The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) in Žďár nad Sázavou, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia, is the final masterpiece of Jan Santini Aichel, a maverick Bohemian architect who combined the Borrominiesque Baroque with references to Gothic elements in both construction and decoration. In 1719, when the Roman Catholic Church declared the tongue of John of Nepomuk to be “incorruptible”, work started to build a church in Zelena Hora, where the future saint had received his early education. It was consecrated immediately after John’s beatification in 1720, although construction works lumbered on until 1727.
Half a century later, after a serious fire, the shape of the roof was altered. The church, with many furnishings designed by Santini himself, is remarkable for its gothicizing features and complex symbolism, quite unusual for the time. In 1993, it was declared a World Heritage Site. The nomination dossier pointed out to Santini’s ratios aimed at “the creation of an independent spatial reality”, with “the number 5 being dominant in the layout and proportions” of the church.
Adršpach Rock Town
The Adršpach-Teplice Rocks (Czech: Adršpašskoteplické skály) are an unusual set of sandstone formations covering 17 km² in northeastern Bohemia, Czech Republic. They are named after two nearby municipalities: Adršpach, and Teplice nad Metují. The first rock formation which is called the Indian is located by the Skalní město Hotel. A linden tree alley leads to the self-guided trail loop. The rocks have been protected as a national nature reserve since 1933, and since 1991 the whole adjacent region of Broumovsko has enjoyed the status of protected landscape area. Tourists may visit the rocks via a number of marked trails. The area is a popular destination for rock climbers.
In recent years, it has become a focus for the high-risk climbing-related sport of rock jumping.
Zvíkov (Czech: Hrad Zvíkov, German: Klingenberg), often called “the king of Czech castles”, is a castle located at the junction of the Vltava and Otava rivers, some 15 km north of Písek, in the South Bohemian Region, Czech Republic, next to the village Zvíkovské Podhradí. It is placed on a hard to access and steep promontory above the confluence of rivers Vltava and Otava. The castle is one of the most important early-Gothic castles in Czech lands. The area was inhabited as early as prehistoric times when the Celts built a fort here around the time of Jesus’ life. The current castle was built in the first half of the 13th century, most probably on the orders of King Přmysl Otakar I, but the exact date is not known. The first written mention of the castle comes from year 1234 and owned by the Kings of Bohemia.